Transport

Transport - Overview - Standards - Text

The International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) technical committee on nanotechnologies, ISO/TC 229 Nanotechnologies, has not directly addressed transportation in its work.

At the ISO level, a number of technical committees however cover areas linked to transportation. These are: ISO/TC 8 Ships and marine technology; ISO/TC 22 Road vehicles; ISO/TC 20 Aircraft and space vehicles; ISO/TC 31 Tyres, rims and valves; ISO/TC 45 Rubber and rubber products; ISO/TC 110 Industrial trucks; ISO/TC 149/SC 1 Cycles and major sub-assemblies; ISO/TC 204 Intelligent transport systems; and ISO/TC 269 Railway applications. These do not provide for the use of nanotechnologies in these products.

The use of the nanomaterial carbon black in rubber components used in transportation has been the most heavily concerned by standardisation. In ISO TC 45 ISO/TC 45/SC 3 Raw materials (including latex) for use in the rubber industry, a series on carbon black in Rubber compounding ingredients is being developed and includes the following:

  • ISO 1124:1988 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black shipment sampling procedures
  • ISO 1125:2015 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of ash
  • ISO 1126:2015 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of loss on heating
  • ISO 1138:2007 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of sulphur content
  • ISO 1138:2007/Amd 1:2012 Clarification of digestion temperature in Subclause 3.4.5
  • ISO 1304:2006 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of iodine adsorption number
  • ISO/FDIS 1304 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of iodine adsorption number
  • ISO 1306:1995 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black (pelletised) -- Determination of pour density
  • ISO 1435:1996 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black (pelletized) -- Determination of fines content
  • ISO/DIS 1437 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of sieve residue
  • ISO 1437:2007 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of sieve residue
  • ISO 3858:2008 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of light transmittance of toluene extract
  • ISO 4652:2012 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of specific surface area by nitrogen adsorption methods -- Single-point procedures
  • ISO 4656:2012 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of oil absorption number (OAN) and oil absorption number of compressed sample (COAN)
  • ISO 5435:2008 Rubber compounding ingredients -- Carbon black -- Determination of tinting strength

In Europe, the European Committee for Standardisation committee on nanotechnology (CEN/TC 352) has not developed standards relevant to the transport sector. Similarly to the international level, a number of technical committees address issues related to transport, these are: CEN/TC 2 Shipbuilding details; CEN/TC 22 Rubber; CEN/TC 73 Methods of test for vehicle safety glass; CEN/TC 150 Industrial Trucks – Safety; CEN/TC 245 Leisure accommodation vehicles; CEN/TC 278 Intelligent transport systems; CEN/TC 301 Road vehicles; CEN/TC 320 Transport - Logistics and services; CEN/TC 326 Gas supply for Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV); and CEN/TC 354 Non-type approved light motorised vehicles for the transportation of persons and goods and related facilities. These, however, do not deal with the use of nanotechnologies in transport.

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in IEC/TC113 – Nanotechnology standardisation for electrical and electronic products and systems, mirrored in Europe by the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation (CENELEC) committee CLC/SR 113 has not produced standardisation document relating to nanotechnologies in transport.