Photonics - Overview - About the sector Text

Nanophotonics is the science and engineering of light matter interactions that take place on wavelength and subwavelength scales where the physical, chemical or structural nature of natural or artificial nanostructured matter controls the interactions. Hence, nanophotonics combines optoelectronics, nanotechnology and photonics. Control over light at the nanoscale has unveiled a plethora of new phenomena and have and are expected to have a wide range of applications. Some of the components of nanophotonics are quantum dots, plasmonics, nanotubes, photonic crystals and nanoribbons. Plasmonics concerns manipulation of light at the nanoscale, based on the properties of surface plasmons, which again are the collective oscillations of the electron gas in a metal or a semiconductor.1,2



National Research Council. (2008). Nanophotonics: Accessibility and Applicability. National Academies Press.  

Koenderink, A. F., Alù, A., & Polman, A. (2015). Nanophotonics: Shrinking light-based technology. Science 348(6234): 516-521.