Scientific reports


Study of the EU market for nanomaterials, including substances, uses, volumes and key operators

In 2021 the European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON) commissioned a study on the European Union market for nanomaterials, which was carried out by NovaMechanics Ltd.

The study provides a list of nanomaterials currently on the market and identifies key market operators. It also predicts growth in the European nanomaterial market over the period of 2021 – 2025. As the study was carried out before the crisis arising from the war in Ukraine, its impact on the study outcomes is not known. 

EUON is hosted and maintained by ECHA and funded by the European Commission.

Published: November 2022


Study on the Product Lifecycles, Waste Recycling and the Circular Economy for Nanomaterials

The report, entitled “Study on the Product Lifecycles, Waste Recycling and the Circular Economy for Nanomaterials” was commissioned by the European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON), which is hosted and maintained by ECHA. EUON provides information about existing nanomaterials on the EU market. It is funded by the European Commission The study was made by RPA Europe. 

Published: November 2021


Understanding public perception of nanomaterials and their safety in the EU

This study investigates the public perception of manufactured nanomaterials as a group, and their use in different consumer products together with shopping habits, trust in authorities, preferred information sources and labelling requirements among the general population in five European countries – Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, France and Poland. 

Published: November 2020


A critical review of the factors determining dermal absorption of nanomaterials and available tools for the assessment of dermal absorption

The study gathered, evaluated and summarised the available knowledge on the dermal penetration and absorption of nanomaterials used in consumer products and occupational settings. It covered experimental data including vivo and ex vivo studies. The influence of damaged versus intact skin and of different experimental set-ups and methods was also investigated. Nanomaterial characteristics, including particle size and surface charge, were also analysed. The focus was on materials with low dissolution rates.

Published: May 2020


A critical review of studies on the reproductive and developmental toxicity of nanomaterials

This study performed a critical review of the current knowledge from studies with testing of manufactured nanomaterials for reproductive and developmental toxicity. Relevant literature databases and relevant search terms were identified, and a literature search was conducted in order to identify publications with in vivo data where manufactured nanomaterials have been tested for reproductive and developmental toxicity using an exposure route relevant for human exposure.

Published: April 2020


A state of play study of the market for so called “next generation” nanomaterials

This study presents the analysis of literature definitions for "next generation" nanomaterials and suggests some refinements for the creation of an inventory of second and higher generation nanomaterials, both on the market or expected on the market in the next five years. It assesses the suitability of REACH and CLP terms “substance”, “mixture” and “article” and the characterisation and identification parameters included in the amended REACH Annexes with regard to next generation nanomaterials.

Published: September 2019


Literature study on the uses and risks of nanomaterials as pigments in the European Union

The report reviews the safe use of nano-sized pigments when used by professionals, workers or consumers. Extensive literature searches were carried out in combination with analyses of data from national nano-inventories to capture the current state of play. The report provides a list of nano-sized pigments currently identified on the EU market and discusses potential risks arising from their use in paints, coatings, printer toner cartridges, personal care products, tattooes as well as other potential uses of nanopigments.

Published: September 2018


Critical review of the relevance and reliability of data sources, methods, parameters and determining factors to produce market studies on manufactured nanomaterials on the EU market

The report presents the results of a critical review on the relevance and reliability of data sources, methods, parameters and determining factors to produce market studies on manufactured nanomaterials in the EU. It serves as a basis for conducting and producing new studies on nanomaterials in the EU market. It begins with analysing the data sources, methods and parameters already used for such market studies, and identifies, proposes and analyses a further optimal combination of these data sources, methods, parameters and determining factors.

Published: July 2018

Administrative reports


Ex-post evaluation of the European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

The ex-post evaluation assesses the observatory against its effectiveness, coherence, EU added-value and utility to understand to which extent it has met its main objectives and what has been the added value to its stakeholders, potential shortfalls to be addressed as well as success factors.

Published: July 2019